52 Ancestors Week 6 – Favourite Name

I will do Adam Spach since Adam is the first name and person that God created in the book of Gensis in the Bible.

He is the child of Hans Spach and Salome Müller.

In 1754 Adam Spach settled near the upper line of Davidson County, NC and soon made friends with the Moravians who were building the Village of Bethabara ten miles north of his farm. He invited them to preach at his home, which they soon began to do, and this led to the organization of Friedberg Congregation.

During the Indian War of 1759 Spach and his family took refuge in the Bethabara stockade, as did many other settler from the surrounding country. When he decided later to erect a substantial house on his farm he planned it of a type which could be defended against quite an opposing force. In 1774 Adam Spach built his now famous Rock House.

It stood about one mile from Friedberg Church, and was built of uncut stone, laid up without mortar, except for inside plastering. It was 30 by 36 feet, and was one story, with a full basement and a small attic. It was built over a spring of water; and an outside entrance to the basement made it possible to drive in the cattle for protection in case of need. The windows were of the Flemish-Bond type and each room had its loopholes, through which the defenders could fire, as you can see in the cuts shown at the rear of the house. During these attacks, Spach would gather his cows and place them in the basement to protect them.

Adam Spach had five sons and four daughters; the sons all married and raised large families, so there are many descendants in North Carolina. About 1862
some branches of the family began to spell the name Spaugh, while others retained the original form of Spach, but all trace back to Adam Spach of the Rock House.

Sometime during the mid 20th Century, the Rock House fell to ruin and only a partial foundation can now be found.

When Adam Spach was born on January 20, 1720, in Pfaffenhofen, Bas-Rhin, France, his father, Hans, was 47 and his mother, Salome, was 25. He married Maria Elisabeth Hueter on December 17, 1752, in Maryland. They had nine children in 17 years. He died on August 23, 1801, having lived a long life of 81 years.

Forsyth County: Economic and Social: (pg 17)

Friedburg, on the lower edge of the county, had a similar small beginning,  Adam Spach a native of Pfaffenheim, Alsacer, settled about three miles south of the Wachovia line in 1754.  Soon he became acquainted with the Moravians, taking refuge at Bethabara during the Indiana War, and afterwards urging the Brethren to come and hold services in his neighborhood.  This was done until 1766, when it was realized that enough settlers were there to form a new congregation.  The church authorities at Salem set apart some 34 acres near the southern boundary of Wachovia for the use of the new congregation, adding to them 77 acres across the line bought from Adam Spach. Part of the 77 acres was afterwards sold or exchanged but the Friedburg Church Land is still divided by the county line.  In 1769 the first meeting-house of the Friedberg congregation was consecrated.

Hanns Adam Spach, a sixty-year-old widowed Bildweber (“picture weaver”, or weaver of tapestries) from Pfaffenhoffen, Alsace, and his thirteen-year-old son Adam left Alsace in 1733.
Adam was the son of Hanns Adam’s second marriage, to Salome Müller. The Spachs came to America in 1733 aboard the Charming Betty, landing at Philadelphia in October. The elder Spach was unable to pay the full fare, and on arrival, young Adam was indentured to a Mennonite for six years. After his term of service ended, he moved to Frederick County, Maryland, where he married and where his eldest son was born.
In his Lebenslauf (life story), Adam doesn’t mention his father after their arrival in America, and the fate of Hanns Adam Spach remains a mystery. He took the oath of allegiance to the Crown at Philadelphia on 12 October 1733, but no further record of him has been found. At sixty, he was already an old man for the time, and that combined with the rigors of the Atlantic crossing may have weakened his health, so it’s possible he didn’t survive long in America. On the other hand, he was hardy enough to have survived to a relatively advanced age and to have undertaken a difficult voyage, and his son and more than half of his grandchildren lived past the age of eighty. So maybe he settled down in America, perhaps trying to find work as a weaver, and perhaps trying to stay near his son. But it seems most likely that he passed away before the end of Adam’s service, which would have been in late 1739.
In the mid-1740s, Adam was drawn to the Moravian Church, which had established a presence in Frederick County. It may have been through the church that he met John Gumpp, a German immigrant. In about 1750, Mr. Gumpp brought to his home a young indentured servant from Hüffenhardt, Württemberg. The young lady, Maria Elisabetha Hütter, had made Mr. Gumpp’s acquaintance in Baltimore. Learning that she was from his home village, he purchased her indenture and allowed her to work out her obligation in one year, which no doubt considerably shortened her term of service. In 1752, she became Mrs. Adam Spach.